Residency Requirements in Canada – What You Should Know

Residency Requirements in Canada - What You Should Know

When planning to move to Canada, you may want to find out about the residency requirements. While you can apply for permanent residency with the provincial government, you will not have the right to vote in Canadian elections. Furthermore, if you are a permanent resident, you will not be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship. Here are the things you need to know about these requirements. Hopefully, these details will help you get started.

Permanent residents are citizens of other countries

Generally, most Canadians who live abroad retain their Canadian residency status. However, they may not return to Canada often and their health care may be better abroad. In such cases, they may opt to establish permanent residency in the country where they live. But such an option requires additional paperwork and imposes additional obligations. In addition, it may also carry serious consequences. Fortunately, Canada has a long list of visa services that can help foreign nationals become permanent residents.


The main advantage of becoming a permanent resident of Canada is the freedom it affords its citizens. The country has long welcomed newcomers, and it has an elaborate system to assess potential residents. Citizenship is only awarded after three years of residency and 183 days of physical presence each year. Other benefits include a free Canadian passport, the best travel document in the world, and first-class education. It is also possible to sponsor a family member or relative for permanent residence.

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Permanent residents in Canada are citizens of other countries. Unlike Canadian citizens, they are not entitled to vote or run for office in Canada. However, several municipalities have proposed granting permanent residents voting rights in municipal elections. This process is still awaiting provincial approval. The main limitation of becoming a permanent resident is that foreign nationals cannot work in certain occupations, such as in the security sector. Likewise, if you wish to join the Canadian Police or the Canadian Armed Forces, you must be a citizen of that country.

They do not have the right to vote in Canadian elections

Before you can move to Canada, you should know the residency requirements. There are many advantages to this, including employment opportunities, the right to vote, and property ownership. In addition, dual citizenship will give you certain rights, such as access to health care and education. Read on to learn more about the requirements. Then, you can start planning your move. Here are some things you should keep in mind.

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If you already have permanent residency, you can apply for citizenship. In order to apply for Canadian citizenship, you must be a resident of the country for 730 days in the past five years. If you are a permanent resident, you can also apply for citizenship, but this process can take one year or more. For foreign nationals who wish to become citizens, the residency requirements are different from those for permanent residents.

Permanent residents can spend up to 3 years outside of Canada. However, it is essential to satisfy residency requirements while outside Canada. If you are married to a Canadian citizen, you can count the days you spend with them while outside Canada towards your residency obligations. Moreover, you can work for a Canadian business or work in the Public Service of Canada. However, there are some exceptions to this rule.

They do not have the right to apply for Canadian citizenship

The Citizenship Act discriminates against foreign-born Canadians, according to Amnesty International, and establishes a hierarchy of Canadian citizenship. This discrimination is particularly pronounced for black and brown Canadians, who may be abroad for educational and employment opportunities, as well as family obligations. But they are not denied the right to apply for citizenship if they meet certain criteria. For this reason, the Liberal Party has promised to eliminate the citizenship application fee by 2023.

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The new Canadian citizenship law separates Canadians into first-class and second-class citizens. Those who are first-class have no other citizenship, while second-class citizens are permitted to hold dual citizenship. However, some Canadians may not even be aware that they have a second citizenship. For example, some countries automatically grant citizenship to their spouses or parents. However, this policy doesn’t apply to all immigrants.

The Harper government’s Citizenship Act, which came into effect in 1977, restricted the ability of Canadian citizens to pass on their naturalized citizenship to their children. This change was part of a trend to limit naturalized citizenship. The amendments favored those who were born in Canada. Another Harper government amendment, Bill C-24, allowed the government to strip dual-citizen Canadians of their citizenship but did not affect those born here.


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